Diabetes Glossary T

Diabetes has a great number of terms that are specific to diabetes or diabetic-like conditions. This glossary is meant as a guide to identify terminology often used extensively and liberally in the medical community.

Terms Listed Aphabetically
A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z

T


Team Management

Describes a diabetes treatment approach in which medical care is provided by a physician, diabetes nurse educator, dietitian, and behavioral scientist working together with the patient.

Thrush

An infection of the mouth. In people with diabetes, this infection may be caused by high levels of glucose (sugar) in mouth fluids, which helps the growth of fungus that causes the infection. Patches of whitish-colored skin in the mouth are signs of this disease.

Tolazamide

A pill taken to lower the level of glucose (sugar) in the blood. Only some people with noninsulin-dependent diabetes take these pills. See also: Oral hypoglycemic agents.

Tolbutamide

A pill taken to lower the level of glucose (sugar) in the blood. Only some people with noninsulin-dependent diabetes take these pills. See also: Oral hypoglycemic agents.

Toxemia of Pregnancy

A condition in pregnant women in which poisons such as the body’s own waste products build up and may cause harm to both the mother and baby. The first signs of toxemia are swelling near the eyes and ankles (edema), headache, high blood pressure, and weight gain that the mother might confuse with the normal weight gain of being pregnant. The mother may have both glucose (sugar) and acetone in her urine. The mother should tell the doctor about these signs at once.

Toxic

Harmful; having to do with poison.

Transcutaneous Electronic Nerve Stimulation (TENS)

A treatment for painful neuropathy.

Trauma

A wound, hurt, or injury to the body. Trauma can also be mental such as when a person feels great stress.

Triglyceride

A type of blood fat. The body needs insulin to remove this type of fat from the blood. When diabetes is under control and a person’s weight is what it should be, the level of triglycerides in the blood is usually about what it should be.

Twenty-Four Hour Urine

The total amount of a person’s urine for a 24-hour period.

Type I Diabetes Mellitus

See: Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.

Type II Diabetes Mellitus

See: Noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.